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한중 농산물 무역과 통상마찰

The Trade of Agricultural Products and Trade Frictions between Korea and China,

왕리매 (Wang, Li Mei)

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The trade of Agricultural Products and Trade Frictions between Korea and China In this paper, I have reviewed the present situation of trade of agricultural products and investigated the trade frictions which, owing to the characteristics of trade of agricultural products, occurred in those trad...
The trade of Agricultural Products and Trade Frictions between Korea and China In this paper, I have reviewed the present situation of trade of agricultural products and investigated the trade frictions which, owing to the characteristics of trade of agricultural products, occurred in those trades between Korea and China since Korea established the diplomatic relations with China in 1992. The main trade frictions in the trade of agricultural products between Korea and China are as follows: First, along with WTO appearing, the agricultural products markets are opening up gradually. Especially, in order to join WTO, China did a series of adjustments to the agricultural structure and enlarged the amount of exported agricultural products to Korea. Therefore, the similarity of agricultural structure between the two countries occurred and resulted in friction. Second, there are some quality problems in Chinese agricultural products and the friction comes from the quality examination of the Chinese agricultural products. Third, with the increase of transaction amount between Korea and China, the trade dependence is on a rise. Especially in overall trade Korea to China trade surplus is getting too large, while the agricultural productions trade Korea to China trade deficit. Therefore the imbalance makes the possibility of trade friction high. No matter what kind of frictions it is, big loss for the two countries will be resulted in. The lesson of the garlic oriented trade friction between Korea and China should be learnt. In future the cooperation in agriculture field ought to be strengthened and more communication are needed. The two countries should form a mutual supplement agriculture product import and export structure and improve the activation of agriculture product trade. Especially, Korea should consider the importance of Chinese market, expand the export to China in agricultural products, promote the balanced trade between the two countries, and actively achieve the goal of concerted economy development between Korea and China.
목차moremore
Ⅰ. 서론 1
1. 연구의 목적 1
2. 연구의 방법과 구성 3
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Ⅰ. 서론 1
1. 연구의 목적 1
2. 연구의 방법과 구성 3
Ⅱ. 한․중 농산물 무역현황 4
1. 한․중 교역 4
2. 한․중 농산물 무역 7
Ⅲ. 농산물 교역의 특징과 한․중 농산물 무역마찰 15
1. 농산물교역의 특징 15
1) 농산물 가격 불안정 15
2) 농산물 공급의 불안 16
3) 농가 소득의 불안정 17
4) 농업보호 17
5) 위생 검역의 필요성 18
2. 한․중 농산물 무역마찰의 원인 18
1) 무역마찰의 정의 18
2) 한․중 무역마찰의 환경적 요인 20
3. 위생, 검역과 한․중 농산물 무역 25
1) 위생 및 검역에 관한 통상규정 25
2) 한국의 위생 검역 현황 25
3) 수입농산물 위생검역과 한․중 농산물 무역 26
4. 한․중 농산물 무역마찰 사례 31
Ⅳ. 사례분석(마늘분쟁) 35
1. 한․중 마늘분쟁의 과정 35
1) 한․중 마늘교역 현황 35
2) 마늘 분쟁 과정 36
2. 마늘 분쟁을 보는 한․중 양국의 시각 40
1) 세이프가드조치 40
2) 마늘분쟁을 보는 한․중 양국의 시각 42
3) 한국의 세이프가드 발동 이후 57
4) 세이프가드에 대한 한국의 재검토 59
5) 중국 보복조치에 대한 검토 62
3. 한․중 마늘분쟁의 또 다른 요인 64
1) 농업구조조정의 지연 64
2) WTO 미가입에 따른 분쟁해결 미흡 65
3) 중국 농업구조조정과 무역마찰 65
4) 양국 인식의 차이 66
Ⅴ. 한․중 농산물 무역마찰에서 얻은 시사점 68
1. 마늘분쟁에서 얻은 시사점 68
2. 한․중 양국간 농산물 위생검역에 관한 시사점 70
3. 한․중 농산물 교역활성화 방안 72
Ⅵ. 결론 74
참고문헌 77